Category: Ebooks

Crystallization: Science and Technology” ed. by Marcello Rubens Barsi Andreeta


“Crystallization: Science and Technology” ed. by Marcello Rubens Barsi Andreeta
English | ITAe | 2012 | ISBN: 9789535107576 | 577 pages | PDF | 35 MB
The purpose of this book is to present new insights to the reader, as well as crucial and very useful information for researchers working in this field, while simultaneously creating a comprehensive text about crystallization processes which may serve as a starting point for people with different backgrounds.

Section 1 Fundamentals and Theoretical Aspects
1 Crystallization in Glass Forming Substances: The Chemical Bond Approach
2 Crystallization Kinetics of Chalcogenide Glasses
3 Numerical Models of Crystallization and Its Direction for Metal and Ceramic Materials in Technical Application
4 A Mathematical Model for Single Crystal Cylindrical Tube Growth by the Edge-Defined Film-Fed Growth (EFG) Technique
5 Crystallization in Microemulsions: A Generic Route to Thermodynamic Control and the Estimation of Critical Nucleus Size
6 Chemical, Physicochemical and Crystal-Chemical Aspects of Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions as a Method of Purification
7 Recrystallization of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients
Section 2 Applications, Techniques and Mineral Formation
8 Preparation of Selected Ceramic Compounds by Controlled Crystallization Under Hydrothermal Conditions
9 Fe-Based Nanocomposite Formed by Thermal Treatment of Rapid-Quenched Fe81B13Si4C2 Alloy
10 Crystallization of Iron-Containing Oxide-Sulphide Melts
11 Real-Time Analysis to Evaluate Crystallization Processes
12 Phenacetin Crystallization: Cooling Regimes and Crystal Morphology
13 Macromolecular Crystallization Controlled by Colloidal Interactions: The Case of Urate Oxidase
14 Crystallization by Antisolvent Addition and Cooling
15 Thin Film Growth Through Sputtering Technique and Its Applications
16 Crystallization of Ge:Sb:Te Thin Films for Phase Change Memory Application
17 Metal Induced Crystallization
18 ArF Excimer Laser Annealing of Polycrystalline Silicon Thin Film
19 Oriented Lateral Growth and Defects in Polycrystalline-Silicon Thin Films on Glass Substrates
20 Crystallization, Fractionation and Solidification of Co-Magmatic Alkaline Series Sequentially Emplaced in the Carbonatite Complex of Tiruppattur, Tamil Nadu, India

Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents by Raimo Tuomela

Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents by Raimo Tuomela


Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents by Raimo Tuomela
English | 2013 | ISBN: 0199978263 | 326 pages | PDF | 1,7 MB

Social ontology, in its broadest sense, is the study of the nature of social reality, including collective intentions and agency. The starting point of Tuomela’s account of collective intentionality is the distinction between thinking and acting as a private person (“I-mode”) versus as a “we-thinking” group member (“we-mode”). The we-mode approach is based on social groups consisting of persons, which may range from simple task groups consisting of a few persons to corporations and even to political states. Tuomela extends the we-mode notion to cover groups controlled by external authority. Thus, for instance, cooperation and attitude formation are studied in cases where the participants are governed “from above” as in many corporations.

The volume goes on to present a systematic philosophical theory related to the collectivism-versus-individualism debate in the social sciences. A weak version of collectivism (the “we-mode” approach) depends on group-based collective intentionality. We-mode collective intentionality is not individualistically reducible and is needed to complement individualistic accounts in social scientific theorizing. The we-mode approach is used in the book to account for collective intention and action, cooperation, group attitudes, and social practices and institutions, as well as group solidarity. Tuomela establishes the first complete theory of group reasons (in the sense of members’ reasons for participation in group activities). The book argues in terms of game-theoretical group-reasoning that the kind of weak collectivism that the we-mode approach involves is both conceptually and rational-functionally different from what an individualistic approach (“pro-group I-mode” approach) entails.